Handbook on Shrinking Cities


Handbook on Shrinking Cities

9781035338993 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Karina Pallagst, Professor for International Planning Systems, Faculty of Spatial and Environmental Planning, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Germany, Marco Bontje, Senior Lecturer, Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Emmanuèle Cunningham Sabot, Professor of Urban Studies, École Normale Supérieure (ENS), Paris, France and René Fleschurz, Project Manager, RE-CITY ITN project, Department of International Planning Systems, Faculty of Spatial and Environmental Planning, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Germany
Publication Date: 2024 ISBN: 978 1 03533 899 3 Extent: 470 pp
Compelling and engaging, this Handbook on Shrinking Cities addresses the fundamentals of shrinkage, exploring its causal factors, the ways in which planning strategies and policies are steered, and innovative solutions for revitalising shrinking cities. Chapters cover topics of governance, ‘greening’ and ‘right-sizing’, and regrowth, laying the relevant groundwork for the Handbook’s proposals for dealing with shrinkage in the age of COVID-19 and beyond.

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Compelling and engaging, this Handbook on Shrinking Cities addresses the fundamentals of shrinkage, exploring its causal factors, the ways in which planning strategies and policies are steered, and innovative solutions for revitalising shrinking cities. It analyses the multidimensional phenomena involved in processes of shrinkage, where cities experience a dramatic decline in their economic and social bases. 

Offering a timely response to the endurance of decline in cities across the globe, contributions from top scholars showcase a wide range of perspectives on the ongoing challenges of shrinkage. Chapters cover topics of ‘governance’, ‘greening’ and ‘right-sizing’, and ‘regrowth’, laying the relevant groundwork for the Handbook’s proposals for dealing with shrinkage in the age of COVID-19 and beyond. Leading experts in the fields of urban and regional development contribute novel ideas pertinent to the future of shrinking cities, considering factors such as economic prosperity, liveability, social stability, and innovation, ultimately representing a paradigmatic shift from growth-centred planning to the notion of ‘shrinking sustainably’. 

In suggesting strategies to reverse decline and generate newer, more robust development, this prescient Handbook will prove beneficial to scholars of human geography and urban planning. The wide range of case studies will also make this a vital read for planning practitioners. 
Critical Acclaim
‘This excellent collection includes insightful reviews of current research, recently implemented projects and policies, and analyses of emerging topics chiefly from the European experience are supplemented with examples from North America, Japan, and Mexico. This book gathers excellent studies of a range of programmes including regrowth, shrinking smart, green innovation, infrastructure, complemented with chapters on governance, social capital, and relevant social issues. Chapters on the epistemology of urban shrinkage research and current debates on terminology amplify the significance of this volume. This timely book offers an invaluable resource for researchers, policy-makers in Europe and other world regions who are seeking examples of good programmes and policies to manage urban shrinkage. It should be of interest to researchers and policy-makers interested in the practical experience of managing urban shrinkage, and those interested in theoretical debates about shrinkage, governance, and new topics that require further explorations.’
– Chung-Tong Wu, University of Sydney, Australia

‘Our cities represent very comprehensive social ecosystems – a mosaic consisting of diverse structures interlinked by the veins of infrastructure shaped by multiple actions of various actors. The Handbook on Shrinking Cities, edited by Karina Pallagst, Marco Bontje, Emmanuèle Cunningham Sabot and René Fleschurz presents a similar picture. This is a book in which the synergy between chapters written by numerous authors creates a multi-faceted picture of shrinking cities and which will be of interest to a wide range of readers.’
– Maros Finka, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China and President of the AESOP

‘With COVID-19 upending traditional patterns of urban living, some shrinking cities may be facing unique opportunities for revitalization and prosperity. This wonderful collection of essays from established and new scholars combines multi-disciplinary expertise to propose innovative ideas and planning strategies for shrinking cities around the world.’
– Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, University of California, Los Angeles, US
Contributors: Jasmin Aber, Alfonso Arellano, Ivonne Audirac, Fanny Augis, Nicola Bacon, Flavio Besana, Kai Böhme, David Bole, Marco Bontje, Chris Couch, Emmanuèle Cunningham Sabot, Alix de La Gaignonnière, Simone Di Pietro, René Fleschurz, Claire Gordon, Annegret Haase, Patricia Melanie Isabelle Hammer, Justin Hollander, David Huntington, Bozhidar Ivanov, Solène Le Borgne, Olivia Lewis, Fulvio Domenico Lopane, Faeeza Mackay, Szymon Marcińczak, Agnes Matoga, Marissa Meaney, Frédérique Morel-Doridat, David Moreno Núñez, Helen Mulligan, Sako Musterd, Karina Pallagst, Paulo Pinho, Victoria Pinoncely, Stephen Platt, Dieter Rink, Maja Ročak, Petr Rumpel, Simón Sánchez-Moral, Jakob Schackmar, Norma Schemschat, Terry Schwarz, Sílvia Sousa, Krzysztof Stachowiak, Tadeusz Stryjakiewicz, Tetsuji Uemura, José G. Vargas-Hernández, Manuel Wolff


Foreword xiv

Introduction: shrinking cities research in times of COVID-19 1
Karina Pallagst and Patricia M.I. Hammer

1 The language of shrinking cities: terminology and translation to
describe a new urban regime 9
Emmanuèle Cunningham Sabot and Maja Ročak
2 Shrinking cities: new insights into planning cultures 26
Karina Pallagst and René Fleschurz
3 Path dependence in shrinking cities: learning from the past 40
Victoria Pinoncely
4 Shrinking smart from theory to practice: an epistemological approach to
constructing a new planning concept 54
Bozhidar Ivanov
5 Place attachment and negative mindset in shrinking cities: is there
a contradiction? 67
Solène Le Borgne
6 Understanding the role of social capital in regenerating shrinking cities:
insights from the Netherlands 80
Maja Ročak
7 Shrinking cities as epistemic communities 94
Ivonne Audirac
8 Urban shrinkage and socio-economic segregation in medium-sized
cities: the case of Gera 108
David Huntington

9 Governance in shrinking cities: the role of active citizenship in
emerging governance 122
Agnes Matoga
10 Urban mindware in governing post-socialist shrinking cities 134
Krzysztof Stachowiak and Tadeusz Stryjakiewicz
11 Governance challenges in shrinking cities: the example of brownfield
site reuse and governance 148
Dieter Rink and Annegret Haase
12 Shrinking cities are here to stay: place-sensitive policy responses? 162
Flavio Besana and Kai Böhme
13 The legal and planning system for shrinking cities in Japan 178
Tetsuji Uemura
14 Towards brighter futures for European small and medium-sized towns:
what can social innovation contribute? 193
Marco Bontje, Nicola Bacon, David Bole and Claire Gordon
15 Shrinking cities and cross-border context: the example of the twin cities
of Forbach (Moselle, France) and Völklingen (Saarland, Germany) 208
Frédérique Morel-Doridat

16 Adaptation of infrastructures in shrinking cities: a review 222
Fanny Augis
17 A growing field in shrinking cities: a literature review on shrinkage and
urban green space 236
Olivia Lewis
18 Utilising solar energy and technology production-oriented strategies in
shrinking cities 250
Simone Di Pietro
19 Urban green innovation and revitalisation of declining areas and vacant
spaces in shrinking cities 264
José G. Vargas-Hernández and Patricia M.I. Hammer
20 Reflections on the challenges for public value capture in shrinking cities 278
Sílvia Sousa and Paulo Pinho
21 Carbon mitigation for shrinking cities 292
Helen Mulligan
22 Regrowth challenges of English cities in the context of flood risk:
a discussion on flood resilience and regrowth in Hull, United Kingdom 308
Faeeza Mackay, Stephen Platt and Fulvio Domenico Lopane
23 Cultural branding and adaptive reuse in shrinking cities: a comparative
study of Turin, Italy and Lowell, USA 324
Justin B. Hollander and Marissa G. Meaney

24 Variations of urban regrowth – systematising driving factors and
contextual conditions: the European perspective 338
Annegret Haase, Marco Bontje, Dieter Rink, Chris Couch, Szymon
Marcińczak, Petr Rumpel and Manuel Wolff
25 Issues, diffusion and solutions of shrinkage in French heritage towns’ centres 353
Alix de La Gaignonnière
26 Pop Up City and interim uses 367
Terry Schwarz
27 Smart cities as a substitute industry revitalisation approach to shrinking
cities in Germany? 381
Jakob Schackmar
28 Refugees in shrinking cities: the role of place and belonging in
refugee-led revitalisation 395
Norma Schemschat
29 Old industrial cities striving to attract and retain knowledge workers:
a case study from Spain 409
Simón Sánchez-Moral, Alfonso Arellano and David Moreno
30 Data, policy and segregation, open source data and catalysing inclusive
culture-led economic development: contextualising smart city 422
Jasmin Aber

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