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Handbook on Austerity, Populism and the Welfare State

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Handbook on Austerity, Populism and the Welfare State

9781789906738 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Bent Greve, Professor of Welfare State Analysis, Department of Social Sciences and Business, Roskilde University, Denmark
Publication Date: May 2021 ISBN: 978 1 78990 673 8 Extent: c 448 pp
This innovative Handbook presents the core concepts associated with austerity, retrenchment and populism and explores how they can be used to analyse developments in different welfare states and in specific social policies. Leading experts highlight how these concepts have influenced and changed welfare states around the globe and impacted specific areas including pensions, long-term care, the labour market, taxation, social activism and gender equality.

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
Contents
More Information
This innovative Handbook presents the core concepts associated with austerity, retrenchment and populism and explores how they can be used to analyse developments in different welfare states and in specific social policies. Leading experts highlight how these concepts have influenced and changed welfare states around the globe and impacted specific areas including pensions, long-term care, the labour market, taxation, social activism and gender equality.

Comprehensive in approach, the authors offer cutting edge research demonstrating the importance of societal developments to welfare states and the effects of ideas, ideologies and variations in policies and decisions in different countries. They also investigate key country and regime-specific approaches to welfare state development, analysing and interpreting changes in the last 10-15 years. The main drivers for these changes, ranging from demography, to the financial crisis, to the use of new technology and the possible impact of populism, are examined.

Far reaching and authoritative, this timely Handbook offers a systematic theoretic overview which will be invaluable for scholars of welfare states, social policy, sociology and political science. Social policy makers will also benefit from the novel case studies explored in depth, and suggestions for potential policy changes.
Critical Acclaim
‘This timely book offers compelling, critical yet nuanced analyses of the three key features shaping welfare-state reform since the Great Recession: austerity, retrenchment and populism. Covering a rich array of European regions, sectors and policy fields, it is an exceptionally stimulating contribution to the debate on the welfare state’s future.’
– Kees van Kersbergen, Aarhus University, Denmark
Contributors
Contributors include: Dragoș Adăscăliței, Jolanta Aidukaite, Daniel Béland, Paul Bridgen, Sonja Blum, Shana Coh, Axel Cronert, Barbara Da Roit, Kevin Farnsworth, Elisa Helena Xiol Y Ferreira, Bent Greve, Ana Marta Guillén, Jan-Ocko Heuer, Jason Heyes, Michael Howlett, Zoë Irving, Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser, Mehmet Fuat Kına, Johanna Kuhlmann, Mikko Kuisma, Sidita Kushi, Jon Kvist, Noémi Lendvai‐Bainton, Benjamin Leruth, Ian P. McManus, Mikael Nygård, Adegbola Ojo, Maria Petmesidou, Nelly Popova, Femke Roosma, Paul Spicker, Peter , Stubbs, Peter Taylor-Gooby, Alex Waddan, Erdem Yörük, Lisa Zanotti
Contents
Contents:

PART I INTRODUCTION
1 Introduction to Handbook on Austerity, Populism and the Welfare State 15
Bent Greve

PART II CONCEPTUAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES
2 What is austerity? 24
Kevin Farnsworth and Zoë Irving
3 The politics of retrenchment 38
Peter Starke
4 Populism and the welfare state 53
Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser and Lisa Zanotti
5 Measuring retrenchment in welfare states: overcoming the challenges to
the definition, operationalization and measurement of welfare policy change 66
Elisa Helena Xiol Y Ferreira and Michael Howlett
6 The dependent variable problem revisited: methods, concepts, and
scope in the welfare retrenchment literature 76
Mehmet Fuat Kına and Erdem Yörük
7 Understanding the ‘welfare state’ in the context of austerity and populism 93
Sonja Blum and Johanna Kuhlmann
8 Austerity, populism, and the politics of blame: an ideational perspective 106
Daniel Béland and Alex Waddan
9 The social legitimacy of European welfare states after “the age of austerity” 122
Femke Roosma
10 Austerity and poverty 142
Paul Spicker

PART III COUNTRY AND WELFARE REGIMES – ANALYSIS OF
AUSTERITY/POPULISM
11 Nordic welfare state changes especially in the light of migration and the
financial crisis 155
Bent Greve and Jon Kvist
12 Fiscal austerity, welfare retrenchment and political populism in
Continental European welfare states 167
Jan-Ocko Heuer
13 The United Kingdom before and after Brexit 182
Benjamin Leruth and Peter Taylor-Gooby
14 South Europe: reclaiming welfare post-crisis? 197
Maria Petmesidou and Ana Marta Guillén
15 Austerity, populism and welfare retrenchment in Central and South
Eastern Europe 219
Noemi Lendvai-Bainton and Paul Stubbs
16 Support to families with children in the Baltic States: pathways of
expansion and retrenchment from 2004 to 2019 233
Jolanta Aidukaite

PART IV ARE SPECIFIC WELFARE PROGRAMS MORE PRONE TO
AUSTERITY – AND IF SO, WHY?
17 Incremental or paradigm shifting? Evidence about the retrenchment of
public pension schemes in the industrialised world from expenditure
and replacement rate data, 1980–2015 256
Paul Bridgen
18 Unemployment benefits in the 21st century: new dimensions of
retrenchment and the roles of austerity and populism 277
Axel Cronert
19 Austerity and its corresponding effects on public safety and crime 293
Adegbola Ojo
20 Family policy in Europe in the era of austerity and populism 306
Mikael Nygård and Mikko Kuisma
21 Long-term care policies meet austerity 324
Barbara Da Roit
22 Changes in tax systems 340
Nelly Popova
23 Labour markets in post-crisis Europe: liberalisation, deregulation, precarisation 356
Dragos Adăscălitei and Jason Heyes
24 The impact of austerity on social activism 372
Shana Cohen
25 Gender, austerity and the welfare state 387
Sidita Kushi and Ian P. McManus

PART V CHANGE TO THE ROLE OF WELFARE STATES?
26 Reflection upon the development of, and the future for, welfare states 408
Bent Greve

Index

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